Technology has become one of the important aspects of today’s world. With the increase in the use of technology, the world has become smaller. It is now helping us to connect to every corner of the world with its simplified techniques. The percentage of accessibility has increased over time. Everything is available with so much ease. Even in a critical pandemic situation, technology is helping us survive, sitting right at our homes. There is no doubt in calling the technology a boon to mankind. However, there are some threats that are fearing the world. One such threat is relating to cyber. Each of us uses the internet to the extent that we are completely dependent on. It has all the information which can be accessed with minimal effort. This brings in the question of whether the information is in safer hands or no? There are instances where some sensitive information is accessed and used for harming public interests. These are what we call as cybercrimes. This brings the necessity of cybersecurity to protect all the confidential data and to secure the interests of the public as well as the state.
Talking about cybersecurity, it is primarily important to understand the meaning of cyberspace. Cyberspace is the virtual computer world, and more specifically, is an electronic medium used to form a global computer network to facilitate online communication. It is a large computer network made up of many worldwide computer networks that employ TCP/IP protocol to aid in communication and data exchange activities. it can be called as an ecosystem for living species. It is a space where we share our information, interact with a number of people, discuss things, exchange ideas etc. Cybersecurity becomes essential to protect the information on the cyberspace.
Now, let us look into the definition of cybersecurity. It is the practice of defending servers, computers, electronic systems, networks and data from malicious attacks. It is also known as “information technology security” or “electronic information security”. In times of increasing technology, it becomes important for us to have better cybersecurity laws to protect our information. These cyber-threats is at a global pace and draws the attention of every country. This cybersecurity mainly aims to mitigate these three main threats. They are – cybercrime, cyber attacks, cyber terrorism.
These three are the most common threats which can be avoided only with stronger cybersecurity laws. The problems in cybercrimes are not conceptual but have real-life signification. If there is a question of whether or not cyberspace security is important, yes it is. All the data in the cyberspace has information which has minimal importance and also which has high significance. To maintain this confidentiality and integrity, it is essential to have cyberspace security.
India also faced several issues in relation to cybersecurity. However, India does not have a dedicated cybersecurity law. The Information Technology Act, 2000 read with the rules and regulations framed thereunder deals with the cyber crimes and cybersecurity associated therewith. This act aims at safeguarding the electronic data, information, records and prevents any unaccredited act or any malicious attacks. Along with the IT Act, the Indian Penal Code [IPC], 1860 punishes offences including the cyber crimes like defamation, cheating and ensure that the electronic records and systems are secure from any unauthorized access or tampering. In a very famous case of K.S.Puttuswamy v Union of India, the Supreme Court of India held that Right to Privacy as a component of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 of the constitution of India. There are several bodies to look after various aspects of cybersecurity. The Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Home Affairs, the Nationa Technical Research Organization, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology etc are some of the units that look over the cyber issues in India.
India, in the need of a new cybersecurity strategy, is formulating “National Cyber Security Strategy 2020” for a period of 5 years i.e; 2020-2025. In 2013, India formulated a Cyber Security Policy to maintain integrity and privacy. However, things were the same even after drawing up the policy. This led to the creation of this new 5-year plan. This new strategy ensures safe, secure and reliable cyberspace to all its citizens. India’s digital economy which is holding 14%-15% of the total economy is expected to rise to 20% by 2024. So, it becomes very essential to bring better strategies for cybersecurity to meet the needs.
Internet and technology, which creates cyberspace, make it very pivotal to have cybersecurity schemes. Recently, the Indian Army asked its personnel to delete various apps like Facebook, Tiktok etc in terms of security. It was cited that there is a possibility of leakage of confidential and sensitive content. It was also stated that the instruction has been issued because there has been a rampant increase in the number of military personnel being targeted by enemy intelligence agencies. We now are cutting back the rights of these people to maintain the security of our country. Instead, if strong and strict cybersecurity laws are introduced, an equilibrium can be maintained between the rights of people and the safety of the country. It is also very crucial to have a single body organization that controls all the cyber-related activities and heads the other agencies to ensure smooth functioning. So, to conclude, there must be better and stronger cybersecurity laws along with a well-built institution to enhance the effective operation and to secure the interests of both people and the state.
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Josh Fruhlinger, What is a cyber attack? Recent examples show disturbing trends, CSO INDIA, February 27, 2020, https://www.csoonline.com/article/3237324/what-is-a-cyber-attack-recent-examples-show-disturbing-trends.html
What are cyber terrorism and cyber warfare ?, Logsign blog, May 22, 2020, https://blog.logsign.com/what-are-cyberterrorism-and-cyberwarfare/
Aprajitha Rana and Rohan Bagai, Cybersecurity in India, Lexology, February 24, 2020, https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=4cd0bdb1-da7d-4a04-bd9c-30881dd3eadf#:~:text=India%20does%20not%20have%20a,and%20the%20cybercrimes%20associated%20therewith.
K.S.Puttuswamy v Union of India, (2017) 10 SCC 1
 Arfa Javaid, India needs an updated cybersecurity strategy: explained, Jagran Josh, June 29,2020, https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/cyber-security-in-india-1593430706-1
Rajat Pandit, Army asks soldiers, officers, to delete Dailyhunt, FAcebook and Instagram; uninstall 89 apps, The Times of India, July 9, 2020,https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/army-asks-soldiers-officers-to-delete-dailyhunt-facebook-and-instagram-uninstall-89-apps/articleshow/76858779.cms